Almost every employee in Germany, namely nine out of ten, suffers from stress at work. This was the result of a recent study by pronova BK.
The reasons? Challenging tasks in an increasingly complex world? Not even close. Number 1 of the stress factors is constant time pressure with 38%, number 2 is a bad working atmosphere and the bronze medal for stress-causing conditions in the workplace receives emotional stress.
Above all, overtime is difficult for the respondents. After all, one in three out of ten must always be available in their spare time, i.e. on call. However, this does not count as paid standby duty.
Only 40% of those questioned take a lunch break every day, and almost 30% do not leave their job at all during working hours. It is a truism that breaks that are consciously used for relaxation are psychologically necessary and also improve work performance.
Doctors recommend a 5 minute break every 45 minutes, a 15 minute break every three hours and a half to one hour lunch break. These breaks are only breaks if they are not grafted with excess work.
But that is exactly what many of the respondents do and thus additionally increase the stress: they talk about business during the breaks. Or they organize appointments and do private things. They do not take a break and are therefore not relaxed when they go back to work.
The stress caused by the unreasonable conditions makes you sick. 2 out of 3 respondents suffer from tension in the neck, and more than one in two suffer from back pain, one in two has pain in the shoulders, arms and hands.
The current study confirms what the Federal Government's stress report already revealed in 2012. Since 1990, the concentration of work, pace of work and time pressure have been increasing.
Up until the mid-2000s, the burdens rose extremely, then leveled off at a very high level between 2005 and 2011.
As early as 2012, mental illnesses were in fourth place of all illnesses and the main factor for this was the stress at work: depression, but also cardiovascular complaints up to heart attack, migraines and tinnitus are among the common consequences of constant time pressure, poor working atmosphere and emotional stress. In the end there is often a burnout.
The German Trade Union Confederation explains: “The 2015 survey shows that presentance in Germany is widespread among dependent employees: almost half (47%) of dependent employees in Germany stated that they worked at least one week despite illness in the past year to have." A factor for stress to a high degree, because "this is particularly widespread among employees with a high mental workload: work densification, concern for the job and a bad working atmosphere obviously contribute to the fact that employees work despite illness."
On the other hand, there is no positive incentive: "The assumption that a high identification of the employees with their work also leads to this behavior could not be substantiated."
The DGB “Good Work” index therefore shows that the three main stress factors for employees are tightly linked to deadline pressure, poor working atmosphere and emotional stress (Dr. Utz Anhalt)