Child mortality halved worldwide - yet missed the Millennium Development Goal
From 1990 to 2015, child mortality should be reduced by two thirds worldwide. That was one of the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals. It was not achieved. Almost six million children will die this year. "Simple and affordable" medical measures could save thousands.
16,000 children die each day
According to the UN, worldwide child mortality has more than halved since 1990. At that time, 12.7 million girls and boys under the age of five died; this year it will be an estimated 5.9 million. The UN Millennium Goal to reduce deaths by two thirds by 2015 was not achieved. Despite the 53 percent reduction, an average of 16,000 children would still die per day. That is 700 children every hour or eleven children per minute. There is hope that 2015 is likely to be the first year in which mortality has dropped to less than six million children.
One million babies die on the day of birth
"For all these girls and boys, life has ended before it has really started," said Christian Schneider, Managing Director of UNICEF Germany in a press release. "In most cases, your early death could have been prevented by simple means that are a matter of course for us in Germany - for example, clean water, vaccinations and good care before, during and after birth." 45 percent of the deaths already occur in first month of life. About a million babies die on the day of their birth. ("Https://www.heilpraxisnet.de/naturheilpraxis/eine-million-babys-sterben-am-tag-ihrer-geburt-901853397.php") This number has hardly changed compared to the last few years.
Pneumonia as the leading cause of death
Most of the causes of death can be avoided, according to the report by the UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA). While scientists reported last year that premature birth was the leading cause of death in children, the current report concludes that most babies and toddlers die from pneumonia (17 percent). This is followed by complications from preterm birth (16 percent), birth complications (eleven percent), diarrhea (eight percent), blood poisoning (seven percent) and malaria (five percent). In almost half of all cases, malnutrition is partly responsible for the death of the children.
Thousands of babies could be saved
The highest death rates are still to be found in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Therefore, UN experts are calling for more help for poor countries in these regions to improve their health care - especially in the care of pregnant women and obstetrics. According to the dpa news agency, WHO Deputy Director Flavia Bustreo said: "We know how mortality among newborns can be reduced further." Medical measures could save the lives of thousands of babies through "simple and affordable" medical measures. (ad)