Redness of the skin & fever can indicate bacterial skin infections

Redness of the skin & fever can indicate bacterial skin infections

Bacterial skin infections are a serious health risk
Injuries to the skin provide bacteria with an entry point, which promotes the development of wound rose or phlegmon, reports the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG). With both infections the skin swells, becomes red, warm and sensitive to pain. Bacterial skin infections can usually be cured early and correctly if there is no consequential damage. If left untreated, however, they could sometimes lead to serious complications.

A wound rose after injuries is usually caused by streptococci and affects the upper layers of the skin. A typical sign is a painful, shiny red, relatively sharply defined swelling. Occasionally, swollen lymph nodes can also be seen and often the erysipelas are accompanied by fever and a general feeling of illness even with the first reddening of the skin. According to the IQWiG, phlegmon is usually caused by staphylococci. Here, deeper layers of the skin are affected than in the case of wound rose. The inflammation extends into the subcutis (subcutis).

Skin injuries favor the infections
Both forms of bacterial skin infections can occur on all parts of the body, but are most commonly found on the foot or lower leg, according to the IQWiG. The infections can also be found on the cheeks, the skin around the eyelid and the abdomen. The bacterial skin infection would be favored by skin damage that provides the bacteria with an entry point. Therefore, skin diseases such as neurodermatitis, psoriasis, fungal infections or ulcers are associated with an increased risk of infection. The infections could also result from injuries, pinpricks, insect or animal bites. Last but not least, there is a risk during surgery that germs can penetrate the wound and cause wound rose or phlegmon. Most bacterial skin infections can be treated with antibiotics. (fp)

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