EMS electricity sports irritate muscles
Do sports without doing sports? A new method that more and more gyms are promoting is electromyostimulation training (EMS). "Time saving, efficiency and little effort" are the most common promises of the providers. But what does EMS training, in which the muscles are stimulated by electrical impulses, really bring?
Muscle loss without much effort? That is the wish of many. EMS should have at least one supporting effect. With this method, small electrodes are attached to special clothing, on the entire body. These deliver electrical surges to make the muscles contract. The muscle building is promoted in this way. But the training should always take place under expert guidance. Because the body is particularly sensitive to electricity. For this reason, especially people with cardiovascular problems or other serious diseases should first consult a doctor.
A sports scientist and a personal trainer explain the advantages and disadvantages of the EMS training form, which is increasingly being offered in numerous centers.
Back pain is a common reason to do EMS training. Because the units really get your metabolism going. Patients with connective tissue weakness can also punish their connective tissue. "The electric shocks stimulate deep muscles and the skeletal muscles, as you know it from Pilates," reports personal trainer Gregor Alexander Braun, who has been working with electrostimulation training for two years.
EMS has some dangers
Prof. Ingo Froböse from the German Sport University in Cologne warns: “The muscles are contracted to the maximum with the EMS, there are high to very high loads. The blood pressure rises, punctual pressure is exerted like walking with high heels ”. Dr. Johannes Rehhagen warns of the general dangers. “Humans are very sensitive to electrical currents. Even at a voltage of 40 volts, some people react, for example, to a strong sweating with burns or a restriction of the function of the peripheral nerves. “Dangerous cardiac arrhythmias can also be triggered, since the current can destroy excitation lines. So far, however, such cases have been very rare. Patients with multiple sclerosis, pregnancy, cancer, thrombosis, pacemakers, and epileptics should generally not undertake EMS training. Expert instructions are important.
Almost always with sore muscles
If all dangers have been ruled out, the first successes can be seen after just 10 training units. Especially people with back problems notice a significant improvement. The muscles become stronger, pain decreases. "EMS is a wonderful way to prevent muscle breakdown and help build it up," says Froböse.
The muscles need more recovery time after training. "Most of the time, you only realize after two days that the underlying muscles are reporting," explains Braun. "The buttocks often hurt in men, and the arms in women."
Good support for endurance training
“EMS is a good addition to traditional training methods. Small muscles are stimulated here, ”says Froböse. Endurance athletes benefit from the stress on muscles that are stimulated much less often.
However, such training has its price. Such a training session costs between 35 and 100 euros. Although EMS helps with back problems, health insurance companies do not pay a cent. However, EMS cannot replace conventional sport, but can at most support it. (sb)
Image: FotoHiero / pixelio.de