What is traditional Tibetan medicine?

What is traditional Tibetan medicine?

Traditional Tibetan medical as an alternative healing method

After traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has now also found its way into many areas of the healthcare system in Germany and individual practices such as acupuncture play an essential role in modern medicine today, medicine is currently rediscovering traditional Tibetan medicine (TTM) procedures . Although the theoretical foundations of TTM remain controversial in many areas, the holistic approach in particular is also supported by many doctors.

"TTM is around 3000 years old and has common approaches with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Indian Ayurveda," quotes the news agency "dpa" the first chairwoman of the Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine in Heidelberg, Anna Grütte. Contrary to popular belief, the "TTM is not a spiritual system, but a medical system that is studied at universities in Tibet." The basis is the constitutional theory with the basic physical properties, the so-called doshas (wind, bile and mucus). If the doshas are out of balance, the corresponding diseases result. Here the basic mental attitude also plays an important role in the TTM, since so-called mental poisons promote an imbalance of the doshas.

Mucus, wind and bile types Regarding the various constitution types in traditional Tibetan medicine, general practitioner and TTM user Frank Ludwig from Berlin explained to the “dpa” that roughly three constitution types can be distinguished. The slime type, which tends to be overweight and is rather calm and a little slower. The wind type with a slim figure and a very attentive, creative, but also nervous and restless temper. And the galletype, which has an athletic physique and is rather tense from the mind but also goal-oriented. At birth, according to TTM assumptions, each person has an individual balance of the three doshas that determines their type. Disorders of the individual Dosha balance are the cause of illnesses. A holistic view of the patients is essential, since this is the only way to determine the causes of the disturbances in the balance of body energies. So not only a symptom like cough treatment, but the person as a whole is seen, reports the "dpa", referring to the chair of the TTM Academy in Heidelberg.

Balance of body energies crucial According to the TTM, disorders of the Dosha balance can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle with a lot of stress or a diet that is not of your own type, reports Grütte. In order to determine the causes of the disturbed balance of the body's energies, the TTM is looking for a detailed discussion with the patients in order to determine their habits, living conditions, diet and other influencing factors. The behavior of the patients or their mood also allows conclusions to be drawn about the type of constitution and the disorders of the Dosha balance, according to the chair of the TTM Academy. The general practitioner Ludwig explained about the procedure in TTM that, for example, in the case of a slim, very tense-looking patient who cannot sleep well, feels weak and suffers from anxiety, but at the same time does sports five times a week, avoids sugar, is professionally successful and is ambitious to assume a wind type.

Detailed medical history and pulse diagnosis After the patient's life circumstances have been clarified, the so-called pulse diagnosis is used to check the energy flow in the body for possible disorders, reports the "dpa". To do this, the therapist places three fingers on certain areas of the left and right arm to feel the pulse, with the fingers exerting sometimes stronger and sometimes weaker pressure. "It takes years to differentiate the pulse and a lot of experience to read it," the news agency quotes the doctor. Experienced therapists, however, give pulse diagnosis information about the condition of all organs. In the case of the example patient mentioned, the way of life led to a disproportionate weighting of the Doshas wind, whereby the woman was overloaded and lost her strength in the long run. Therefore, the therapist will encourage them not to live so strictly, reports the "dpa", citing a Berlin doctor. This also applies to nutrition. Instead of giving up sugar, the patient should occasionally treat herself to some chocolate. "We do not prescribe a diet, but check what suits the patient", the chairwoman of the TTM Academy in Heidelberg told the "dpa". A prerequisite for successful treatment, however, is the willingness of the patients to change their lifestyle and diet.

Doubts about the effectiveness of traditional Tibetan medicine In the contribution of the "dpa" news agency, however, critical voices also speak out, which deny an effect of the TTM. "It has been argued that such methods have worked for centuries," but "there is no scientific evidence for it, only claims," ​​the news agency quotes the director of the German Cochrane Center in Freiburg, Professor Gerd Antes. The Cochrane Center is part of an international network of scientists and doctors that is committed to the principles of evidence-based medicine. In the absence of scientific studies on the effects of TTM, no evidence-based results have been available to date. So the doubts about the effectiveness of the procedures are understandable, even if Prof. Antes' arguments also argue with non-verifiable numbers. "It worked for two people and 98 times the treatment has no effect, but that is not known," quotes the "dpa" the doctor. However, Antes does not deny that individual therapeutic approaches can help some people. (fp)

Image: Rainer Sturm / pixelio.de

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