Myopic due to higher level of education

Myopic due to higher level of education

Myopia increases with the level of education

Wearing glasses not only gives an educated impression, in fact academics are particularly often glasses wearers. Scientists from the University Medical Center Mainz have published a study in the journal "Ophthalmology", according to which the short-sightedness increases with the level of education, according to the announcement of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG). A-levels and studies are therefore bad for the eyes.

Based on the results of their studies, the researchers at Mainz University Medical Center come to the conclusion that myopia increases significantly with the duration of education. "Those who learn longer need stronger glasses," reports the DOG. The researchers cite increased reading, working on the computer and the lack of daylight as possible causes for this connection. Here, the German Ophthalmological Society therefore advises to treat the eyes to specific breaks and to regularly look for a stay outdoors, because this apparently counteracts myopia.

Every second university graduate shortsighted The researchers at the University Medical Center Mainz examined the eyesight of 4,658 people aged 35 to 74 as part of the so-called "Gutenberg Health Study", the DOG said. Here, more than half of the university graduates had shown to be short-sighted, whereas among the test subjects without a higher education only one in four was affected by poor eyesight. The differences between subjects with a higher and a lower level of education were therefore extremely pronounced. The causes of these deviations have not yet been finally clarified, but the director of the Mainz Eye Clinic and initiator of the Gutenberg study, Professor Dr. med. Norbert Pfeiffer, assume that they probably go back to the close-up work that determines the everyday life of students.

Number of short-sighted people rising sharply "According to the current study situation, hours of reading, watching TV and working on the computer contribute to the deterioration of vision", the DOG quotes the director of the Mainz Eye Clinic. The expert also sees a connection here with the rapidly increasing number of myopia over the past decades. At least a third of the population in all industrialized countries worldwide is short-sighted today, and in some major cities in Asia almost 90 percent are affected. Although the reasons for this increase have not yet been clearly clarified, "Studies have shown that environmental factors such as education, work and leisure activities play a decisive role," added the DOG press spokesman, Professor Dr. Christian Ohrloff.

Environmental factors decisive for the development of myopia According to the DOG, the current results of the study also speak against the assumption that "myopia - in technical terms myopia - is largely hereditary and thus innate." Alireza Mirshahi, emphasized that "the rapid increase in myopia, especially in Asia, cannot be explained by genetic factors". A total of 45 different genetic factors were tested in their investigations, "but compared to the level of education they had a much smaller influence." There is much to suggest that environmental influences significantly influence the development of myopia.

Impending complications from nearsightedness The DOG explained that the causes of the ametropia were caused by an eyeball that was too long. As a result, the incident light rays do not form their focal point on the retina, but in front of it, the specialist society continues. As a result, distant objects would appear blurry. However, the DOG reports that not only seeing is a problem for those affected. "Even moderate myopia of -1 to -3 diopters doubles the risk of complications such as retinal detachment, glaucoma or cataracts," said the DOG. To date, all attempts to cure or stop the progress of myopia with glasses or medication have been unsuccessful.

Preventing nearsightedness by spending time outdoors According to the DOG, the current studies “show that students who spend a lot of time outdoors are less likely to be nearsighted than couch potatoes.” Professor Christian Ohrloff explained that “bright daylight seems to have a regulating effect on the growth of the eyes. ”The Mainz study authors come to a similar assessment and therefore recommend fresh air as a precaution. According to the current study results, pupils and students are at higher risk of myopia anyway, the experts advise to prevent this by spending more time outdoors. (fp)

Image: Tim Reckmann / pixelio.de

Author and source information


Video: Vitrectomy In high Myopic Eyes